Definition of analgesics
Analgesics are drugs whose job is to relieve pain, so they are also known as pain relievers, and there are many different types of medicines that have the same analgesic properties.
Analgesics are divided into two of the most common groups of painkillers, which are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids, meaning drugs, so experts group analgesics together based on their effectiveness and strength as the analgesic peace of the World Health Organization, where the use of analgesics such as acetaminophen and non-inflammatory drugs are recommended. Steroids for mild to moderate pain, weak opioids such as codeine for moderate to severe pain and strong opioids such as morphine for severe pain control.
Types of painkillers
The types of painkillers and their use depend on the type of pain that the patient feels. Therefore, analgesics are divided into several different types, including:
It is an analgesic for inflammatory pain such as back pain, headache and most non-nerve pain, but if the nerve pain is a result of nerve damage or sensitivity, treatment is done with other analgesics that change the way the central nervous system works, the safe dose of Paracetamol is two tablets per day up to 4 tablets.
Ibuprofen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs generally work effectively for pain resulting from inflammation, such as inflammation and joint injury, but it should be taken into account not to use it for long periods because this increases stomach upset until it reaches a dangerous point and causes bleeding, kidney and heart problems.
Aspirin is another type of NSAID in the category of NSAIDs, but it is not as effective in relieving pain as its analogues.
Codeine tablets do not work well on their own, so you can get a better result when you combine them with Paracetamol in one tablet, and it is also recommended not to use it for a long time because this may lead to the body getting used to it and difficult to stop taking it.
Soluble analgesics “effervescent” contain a high percentage of salts, so the percentage of salt per tablet reaches 1 gram, which raises blood pressure and increases the likelihood of heart disease and strokes.
Amitriptyline and Gabapentin
Amitriptyline is a medicine for treating depression, while gabapentin is a medicine for epilepsy, but these medicines have efficacy in relieving pain resulting from damage and sensitivity of nerves. Therefore, doctors use it in nerve pain.
Morphine and other similar medicines such as oxycodone, fentanyl and buprenorphine are the strongest group of pain relievers, so they are prescribed for severe pain.
Analgesic damages and their effect on the body
Analgesics are nothing but deceptive tablets, so using them for a long time suggests to the mind that it needs a pain reliever because it prevents the body from naturally relieving pain and reduces the body’s ability to produce analgesic chemicals on its own. The continuous use of analgesics also leads to heavy losses and many diseases as it puts pressure on Central nervous system to prevent pain, while taking large doses of it leads to significant slow breathing and slurred speech.
Damage to painkillers on the heart
A large number of people take pain relievers by injection or crushing tablets to directly enter the body to feel the immediate effects, but this causes the medicine to enter the bloodstream, which affects the heart greatly, and its continuous long-term intake leads to problems and diseases in the heart and vessels. Blood and heart attacks, it is also worth noting that the injection of painkillers pose a great risk, especially if the needles are shared or not sterilized well, in addition to injury to the veins and easy exposure to blood-borne diseases.
Damage to painkillers on the liver
What damages the liver the most is taking painkillers constantly and in large quantities, as the liver in turn processes the drugs that enter the body. When they are over-consumed, the liver automatically stores the toxins carried by these drugs, which results in liver damage, which leads to a very large percentage of death.
Damage to painkillers on the brain
Painkillers cause a number of chemical changes in the brain and kill brain cells, which leads to significant damage to the brain, especially in areas dealing with cognition, learning and memory.
The effect of analgesics on the stomach
Painkillers can affect the stomach, causing stomach and intestinal problems, even if the period of taking the drug is short, for example, after only one or two days of taking painkillers, including constipation and bloating, as well as intestinal obstruction and hemorrhoids.
How to get rid of the effects of painkillers
Eliminating the effects of painkillers depends on the level of your addiction to them and the amount you consume daily, as some withdrawal symptoms start when the analgesics stop completely, such as nausea, vomiting, headache, and sweating, and you can get rid of the effects in several steps:
- The first step to getting rid of toxins accumulated in your body is to prevent painkillers from consuming permanently, which allows the body to start eliminating them.
- Painkillers can lead to dehydration, so you should compensate for this by drinking large quantities of water. Water also has the added benefit of being a natural detoxifier that flushes out chemicals, toxins, fats and other unwanted elements.
- Replacing the body with beneficial nutrients, changing the diet to a healthy diet that relies on fewer sugars and fats, and avoiding processed and refined foods because they contain few nutrients and are difficult to digest.
- Eating natural juices. Drinking fruit juices and eating natural vegetables is a shortcut to obtaining all the vitamins and minerals that the body needs.
- Avoid foods that are treated with chemical fertilizers and pesticides because they harm the body and prevent the absorption of nutrients.
Natural pain relievers
If you suffer from any type of pain, such as toothache, back pain and other annoying pain, you do not necessarily have to resort to pain relievers because of their dangerous side effects, natural analgesics may be a good alternative to them, including:
- Willow bark
People use willow bark to relieve inflammation as it contains the chemical salicin that is similar to the main ingredient in aspirin tablets. Willow bark is sold in the form of a dry powder that can be prepared like tea, and it also comes in capsule form, it works to relieve headache and lower back pain, but be careful when Its use may cause stomach upset and slow down the kidneys just like aspirin, so it is suitable for adults, not children.
Turmeric contains curcumin, which is one of the antioxidants that work to protect the body and cells from damage, in addition to that, people with arthritis use it to act as a natural analgesic.
Cloves are present in the form of capsules, powder, or oil as well, and they are used to treat nausea and colds, in addition to relieving headache and tooth pain, so cloves are a natural topical analgesic.