Anyone can use birth control to help prevent pregnancy, and birth control capsules are a form of contraception, however, due to their potential side effects, they may not be the best contraception option for everyone.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 10.3% of females between the ages of 15 and 49 in the United States use long-acting, reversible contraception, such as an intrauterine device or capsules.
What is a contraceptive capsule
The contraceptive capsule is a long-acting type of hormonal contraceptive, also called a long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC). It is a very small, thin, flexible penis that a healthcare professional places under the skin in the upper arm. The capsule is effective for up to 3 years , depending on which brand a person chooses.
The contraceptive capsule can be 99% effective, or maybe more than that, and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it has a failure rate of 0.1%.
Planned Parenthood indicates that if a woman does not receive the contraceptive capsule within the first five days of her menstrual cycle, she needs to use an alternative form of contraception, such as a condom, for 7 days after the capsule has been inserted.
Interaction of drugs with the contraceptive capsule
Some medicines can make the contraceptive capsule less effective as a method of contraception. Some medicines and herbal products contain specific enzymes that reduce the concentration of hormonal contraceptives in the plasma, thereby reducing their effectiveness.
These things include:
- Efavirins .
- Barbiturates .
- Phenytoin .
- Carbamazibine .
- Felbamate .
- Oxcarbazepine .
- Griseofulvin .
- Topiramate .
- Rifampicin .
- Rofenamide .
- St. John’s wort.
- Itraconazole .
- Fluconazole .
- Voriconazole .
- grapefruit juice
Other drugs that can affect the effectiveness of hormonal contraception include HIV drugs and hepatitis C drugs.
How does contraceptive capsules work
Birth control capsules secrete a hormone called progesterone, this hormone helps the body prepare for pregnancy and stop ovulation, and ovulation is the process in which eggs leave the ovaries for sperm to be fertilized in the uterus, and progesterone prevents pregnancy in two ways, first: thickens the mucus in the cervix, which impedes the sperm Second: It prevents ovulation, the ovaries do not secrete eggs, and if the sperm is unable to meet the egg, or if the egg does not leave the ovaries, pregnancy cannot occur.
Features of contraceptive capsules
As with any type of birth control, there are many advantages to birth control capsules that are important to know, including:
- The capsules are very effective at 99% .
- The capsules last for 3 years .
- It is not necessary to remember the appointment daily, as is the case with the pill.
- The capsules are suitable for women who are unable to use estrogen-based contraceptives, such as the combined contraceptive pill, the vaginal ring, or the contraceptive patch.
- A healthcare professional can easily remove the capsule if side effects occur or if a person chooses not to continue using it for other reasons, and if a woman wants to become pregnant, it is possible to start trying as soon as the capsule comes out.
- Most healthcare facilities and providers have the ability to insert and remove birth control implants.
- The capsule implant is safe to use while breastfeeding.
- The capsule can help reduce menstrual pain.
Disadvantages of CPSU LAT contraception
As with any type of birth control, there are many drawbacks to birth control capsules that are important to know, including:
- The contraceptive capsules do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases or HIV.
- The installation and removal of the capsules requires that the person visit a doctor’s office to undergo the procedure.
- Some women may experience some side effects during the first few months.
- According to the NHS, the implant might cause a woman to have acne or make existing acne worse.
- Capsule installation and removal may incur costs.
Damage to the contraceptive capsule
One of the most common side effects of the capsules is a change in the nature of the woman’s menstrual cycle, as a woman’s menstrual cycle may become irregular or the menstrual cycle may stop, and there are some less common side effects of that include:
- Breast pain
- Ovarian cysts , and most of the time the cysts disappear on their own without any intervention.
Risks of implantation of contraceptive capsules
There are some risks associated with implantation of the contraceptive capsule, including:
After insertion, a woman may develop an infection at the insertion site. Although this is rare, anyone who suspects an infection should see a doctor and also if any of these symptoms are present:
- The appearance of some bruising where the capsule was implanted.
- The shape of the capsule has changed.
- Insufficient feeling of where the capsule was implanted in the arm.
- Pregnancy while the capsule is present.
How to insert the contraceptive capsule?
- The insertion of the capsule is a quick procedure, as a doctor gives the person an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area.
- The implant is then placed under the person’s skin, which only takes a few minutes.
How to remove the contraceptive capsule
- The process of removing the contraceptive capsule is similar to that of fitting.
- The doctor uses a local anesthetic to numb the area.
- They then make a small cut and gently remove the capsule .
- It is possible for a person to obtain a replacement capsule at this stage, if the procedure is desired.
When is a contraceptive capsule not suitable?
Not all types of birth control are safe and effective for everyone, as the contraceptive capsule may not be suitable for someone, including:
- The contraceptive capsule is not intended for women who think they may be pregnant.
- Taking medications that may affect how well the capsule works.
- Bleeding without cause.
- Suffering from bleeding after sex.
- Breast cancer or a history of it.
- Having any heart disease or having had a stroke.
- The presence of disease in the arteries.
- The presence of liver disease.
These people should speak to their healthcare provider or physician to determine whether or not the contraceptive capsule is suitable for them.