Types of sleeve gastrectomy - Health

Types of sleeve gastrectomy

What are gagging?

Some of us may suffer from obesity or some pathological problems in the stomach that need radical solutions such as excision. The gastrectomy is performed in various forms, in what is also called vertical sleeve gastrectomy, which is a surgical procedure for losing weight or for some pathological cause in the body.

And this operation is usually performed laparoscopically or by surgery, which includes the introduction of small tools through making multiple small incisions in the upper part of the abdomen during the process of sleeve gastrectomy or resorting to surgery for a complete or near-complete resection of the stomach.

Mostly, about 80% of the volume is removed, leaving the stomach in the form of a tube about the size and shape of a banana. And sleeve gastrectomy procedures are often performed to help you lose weight, not to mention reduce the risk of health problems associated with stomach diseases.

What are the types of sleeve gastrectomy?

Semi-partial sleeve gastrectomy

During a semi-partial gastrectomy, the surgeon will remove the lower half of the stomach. It can also remove the lymph nodes near the part to be removed

And if you have cancer cells in them, only the lower part of the stomach will be removed in this process. The duodenum area, which is the upper first part of the small intestine that receives almost digested food from your stomach, will be closed. After that, the remaining part of your stomach will be connected to the small intestine.

Complete sleeve gastrectomy

Complete sleeve gastrectomy This procedure is also called a total and complete gastrectomy, it is done by completely removing the stomach from the body. Your surgeon delivers the esophagus directly to the small intestine. It usually connects to the esophagus at the back of the stomach.

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Partial sleeve gastrectomy

Up to three quarters of your stomach is removed during sleeve gastrectomy. Mostly, the surgeon will cut only one side of your stomach to convert it into a small tube shape, and this may make your stomach smaller and longer, and partial sleeve gastrectomy is often done in cases of obesity treatment.

On what basis are the types of sleeve gastrectomy determined

Gastrectomy is used to treat stomach problems that other treatments do not help. And the doctor may recommend and determine what kind of sleeve gastrectomy you will need. Each disease has special circumstances that control choosing the right type for it, for example:

  • The presence of benign non-cancerous tumors: here, partial sleeve gastrectomy procedures will be used. And by removing only the affected part of the stomach, and removing its lymph nodes that can carry some cancer cells as well, so they must be removed.
  • Malignant tumors: Here, total sleeve gastrectomy operations will be used, by removing the entire stomach to avoid the occurrence of malignant cancer again.
  • The presence of bleeding or inflammation in the stomach: and it may depend on the condition of the stomach itself. Whether in the entire stomach, a complete gastrectomy will be resorted to. But if it is in part, then this part will be removed and the remaining part will be joined together and medicines will be taken to prevent talking.
  • Perforations in the stomach wall: it is preferable to remove the puncture site only, and then find out the cause of these perforations.
  • Treatment of obesity: A partial resection of the stomach helps in the treatment of chronic obesity. As gastric sleeve operations result in significant weight loss and then eating small amounts of food while adhering to the eating rules after surgery.
  • Painful persistent stomach ulcers: Some cases of chronic ulcers do not respond to treatment, and continue to appear, so some doctors may resort to partial resection of the sites of ulcers, which may lead to bleeding and be removed completely to avoid their reappearance.
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The best types of gastric sleeve surgeries to lose weight

All types of sleeve gastrectomy surgery can help you lose a significant amount of weight. But each type of sleeve gastrectomy has advantages and disadvantages, for example you can lose your weight very quickly and noticeably with the loss of your health also associated with the occurrence of diseases and risks due to your body not accepting the new situation in the resection of the stomach in whole or in part.

After a partial stomach surgery, the risk of very large surgical complications will generally be higher for minor operations. Not to mention, there are also serious health problems if you are considering weight loss surgery.

He or she may talk to a responsible surgeon about different approaches to determine the best course of action for you. And there are also some people who prefer stomach   creases in order to completely eliminate the risks and problems of surgery and abdominal incision

The difference between sleeve gastrectomy and stomach cramp

The stomach wrinkle operation  is one of the weight loss operations where the patient undergoes total anesthesia during the operation. And some steps are taken to reduce the stomach so that it absorbs less food. This makes the person feel full faster by making large and multiple folds in the stomach to reduce its size. And this operation is always preferred, especially for the young and the elderly, because it does not require a laparotomy or a lot of surgical stitches

Preparations before sleeve gastrectomy

After surgery, the doctor will close the open incision with stitches and bandage the wound. You can also expect to stay in the hospital for up to one to two weeks after surgery.

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During this period, a tube will extend from your nose to your stomach to remove any fluids your stomach produces after surgery. This helps prevent nausea, and the doctor will prescribe the allowed food for you after the sleeve gastrectomy   . This is because the stomach becomes more sensitive to different types of food and it is advised that you follow several rules in order to restore your health.

Food patterns after sleeve gastrectomy

  • Eat smaller meals throughout the day.
  • Avoid unhealthy fiber-rich foods.
  • Eat foods rich in calcium, iron, and vitamin C or D.
  • Take nutritional supplements, vitamins, and iron
  • Avoid the harmless calories found in fast food.
  • Avoid the unnutritious sugars found in artificial sweets
  • Avoid dehydration by drinking plenty of water
  • Do not eat or drink at the same time.

Recovery from a total or partial ablation may take a long time, but eventually your stomach and small intestine will expand. After that, you will be able to consume more fiber and eat larger meals.

After the operation, you will be constantly doing regular blood tests to make sure there are enough vitamins and minerals that your body needs.